Jayapura in one of some big cities in Papua. Papua is the eastest territory of Indonesia. This island is split into 2 parts, the western part belongs to the republic of Indonesia and the eastern part belongs to Papua New Guinea. It is indeed that Papua located far away from economy central of Indonesia, but yet there are many tourists come to Papua for its several exotic tourism spots. The unspoiled nature and primitive culture are await for you to explore.
Papua used to be known as Hollandia, derived from Hol (arch) and Land (land). Hollandia itself means a place with bay. The name â€œHollandiaâ€ was given by Captain Sanches (a Dutch) in 1910 for this city has so many bays similar to the northern beach line of Netherlands. The name then was changed into Kota Baru and Sukarnopuro before changed becoming Jayapura in 1968 until now. The word â€œJayapuraâ€ itself comes from Sansekerta language. â€œJayaâ€ means victory and â€œPuraâ€ means pura, so Jayapura means a victory city. Jayapura has been used for a place to stop by for foreigners such as Spaniards represented by an explorer team led by Ynico Ortis De Fretes. He arrived in Papua and gave this place a name â€œNova Guineaâ€ in 1545. In 1942, Papua was occupied by Japanese which then outcasted by alliance army. Papua was also once used as a basecamp by General Douglas MacArthur.
To enjoy Papuaâ€™s scenery from up of of a hill, you can come to Polimak. Polimak is the name of an area in Jayapura which has high hill. From this hill, you can see the beautiful expanse of Jayapura and in the afternoon we can see an amazing sunset. Sentani Lake, one famous lake in Jayapura also offers you a beautiful view. You can enjoy its natural scenery to feed your eye.
Raja Ampat is one main torism spot in Jayapura. A beautiful nature of Papua is undebatable, itâ€™s even known well in the world. Many endemic species of fish and corals in Raja Ampat make this place becoming one favorite spot for diving. You can also swim, fish, and go around using a boat at Base G. Beach. This beach is always crowded by many tourists. If youâ€™re looking for souvenirs such as Batik Papua, Noken and Koteka, you can come to Hamadi Market where you can find various souvenirs with various prices also.
One food typically from Papua is papeda. It looks like glue made of sago. Itâ€™s cooked by mixing sago flour with boiled water then stir it until loamy. Papeda is usually served with yellow fish broth. Other foods made of sago are sago cake and bagea, made of dried sago filed with brown sugar then roasted. Thereâ€™s also steamed fish. Jayapura is rich of sea products, so there are many sea culinary food are easily to be found here such as steamed fish. Itâ€™s made of tuna.
Jayapura is served by the Sentani Airport.
Sentani Airport (DJJ) is an airport serving Jayapura, the capital of Papua province, Indonesia, on the island of New Guinea. Sentani airport, 36km west of Jayapura, is the hub of Papuan aviation and many people's first point of arrival in Papua.
Sentani Airport was part of the American facilities at Hollandia, which was liberated from the Japanese by an American amphibious task force on 22 April 1944. At the end of the war the Hollandia airfield was abandoned but remains in good condition to this day. Sentani Airfield is the only part of the complex still in use as an airfield today. It is used as the principal entry point into the Indonesian half of the island.
Official airport taxis from Sentani airport to central Jayapura cost a hefty Rp 200,000. Outside the airport gate you can charter one for Rp 100,000 to Rp 120,000 with bargaining. Going by public transport from Sentani to Jayapura involves three changes and takes about 1,5 hours; each change is just a hop into another vehicle waiting at the same stop.